Einzigartig schön ist auch das Kathmandu-Tal, das die Hauptstadt Nepals und die anderen Königsstädte Patan und Bhaktapur umgibt. Seit ist es. Die Stadt mit knapp 1 Million Einwohnern liegt auf einer Höhe von Metern, umgeben von den Gipfeln des Himalaya-Massivs am Eingang des. Kathmandu. Nepals Hauptstadt musst Du auf jeden Fall gesehen haben! Die Stadt hat eine einzigartige Atmosphäre und unterscheidet sich maßgeblich.
Die 7 schönsten Städte in NepalDie Stadt mit knapp 1 Million Einwohnern liegt auf einer Höhe von Metern, umgeben von den Gipfeln des Himalaya-Massivs am Eingang des. Trekking, Naturerkundungen und Tierbeobachtungen im Chitwan Nationalpark, Besuch der Königsstadt Bhaktapur und der Hauptstadt Kathmandu. Nepal ([ˈneːpal], auch [ neˈpaːl], Nepali नेपाल Nepāl) (Audio-Datei / Hörbeispiel anhören) ist ein Binnenstaat in Südasien. Er grenzt im Norden an die Volksrepublik China und im Osten, Süden und Westen an Indien. Die Hauptstadt Kathmandu ist der Sitz der Südasiatischen Vereinigung für.
Nepal Hauptstadt Navigationsmenü Video(Doku in HD) Abenteuer Linienbus (1/4) Über das Dach der Welt
Man findet Quizduell Das Brettspiel gewГnschte Spiel schnell und Quizduell Das Brettspiel sofort mit dem. - Die kulinarischen Spezialitäten NepalsNovember wurde die Vereinbarung zum Ende des zehnjährigen Bürgerkrieges durch Premierminister Koirala und Maoistenführer Prachanda unterzeichnet. Nepal (English: / n ɪ ˈ p ɔː l /; Nepali: नेपाल), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It is mainly in the Himalayas, but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. It is the 49th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. Kreuzworträtsel Lösungen mit 8 - 9 Buchstaben für Nepalesische Hauptstadt. 3 Lösung. Rätsel Hilfe für Nepalesische Hauptstadt. Kreuzworträtsel Lösungen mit 8 - 9 Buchstaben für Hauptstadt Nepals. 2 Lösung. Rätsel Hilfe für Hauptstadt Nepals. Kathmandu ist die Hauptstadt Nepals und bietet unheimlich viele Sehenswürdigkeiten, die man sich auf seiner Reise durch Nepal keinen Fall entgehen lassen sollte. Sobald man sich an das bunte Treiben in den Straßen gewöhnt hat, wird es Zeit Kathmandu ausgiebig zu erkunden. Nepal ([ˈneːpal], auch [neˈpaːl], Nepali नेपाल Nepāl) (anhören? / i) ist ein Binnenstaat in Südasien. Er grenzt im Norden an die Volksrepublik China und im Osten, Süden und Westen an Indien. Die Hauptstadt Kathmandu ist der Sitz der Südasiatischen Vereinigung für regionale Kooperation (SAARC). In dem ehemaligen Königreich wurde am
Jahrhundert erwähnt einen Tempel namens Kasthamandap. Drei Generationen später wurde das Reich unter drei Brüdern und einer Schwester aufgeteilt, jeweils mit den Hauptstädten Kantipur, Lalitpur, Bhadgaon und dem östlich an das Kathmandutal angrenzende Banepa.
Die Konkurrenz unter diesen vier Städten führte zu einer Blüte in der Kunst. In allen drei Städten entstanden, hauptsächlich von Newar-Künstlern, Tempelbezirke mit prächtigen Pagoden und Palästen.
Rinnsteine, Wasserbecken und öffentliche Wasserstellen wurden angelegt. Der Wohlstand der Stadt beruhte auf den blühenden Handel und Zolleinnahmen.
In der Regierungszeit Mahendra Mallas wurde im Jahrhundert der Bereich um den Palast mit bedeutenden, reich verzierten Gebäuden ausgestattet.
Um entstand mit dem dreigeschossigen, auf einer Stufenpyramide stehenden Taleju-Tempel der erste Monumentalbau im Kathmandutal und Pashupatinath am Bagmatiufer.
Der letzte Malla-König hatte noch den Schatz von Pashupatinath geraubt, um die Verteidigung zu bezahlen, und vergeblich die Britische Ostindien-Kompanie zu Hilfe gerufen.
Kathmandu wurde zur Residenzstadt der Shah-Dynastie. Die Stadt wurde ab Mitte des Bis folgte eine Zeit der Intrigen, in der alle Premierminister unter den Shahkönigen entweder ermordet oder in den Selbstmord getrieben wurden.
Newar literature also emerged as a premier literary tradition. After the advent of democracy in , Nepali literature flourished.
Literary works in many other languages began to be produced. Nepali literature continued to modernise, and in recent years, has been strongly influenced by the post civil-war Nepali experience as well as global literary traditions.
Maruni , Lakhey , Sakela , Kauda and Tamang Selo are some examples of the traditional Nepali music and dance in the hilly regions of Nepal.
Nepali film industry is known as "Kollywood". Nepal Academy is the foremost institution for the promotion of arts and culture in Nepal, established in The most widely worn traditional dress in Nepal, for both women and men, from ancient times until the advent of modern times, was draped.
It has been combined with an underskirt, or the petticoat , and tucked in the waistband for more secure fastening. It is worn with a blouse , or cholo , which serves as the primary upper-body garment, the sari's end, passing over the shoulder, now serving to obscure the upper body's contours, and to cover the midriff.
In its more traditional form, as part of traditional dresses and as worn in daily life while performing household chores or labour, it takes the form of a fariya or gunyu , usually shorter than a sari in length as well as breadth, and all of it wrapped around the lower body.
For men, a similar but shorter length of cloth, the dhoti , has served as a lower-body garment. Dhoti or its variants, usually worn over a langauti , constitute the lower-body garment in the traditional clothing of Tharus, Gurungs and Magars as well as the Madhesi people, among others.
Other forms of traditional apparel that involve no stitching or tailoring are the Patukas a length of cloth wrapped tightly over the waist by both sexes as a waistband, a part of most traditional Nepali costumes, usually with a Khukuri tucked into it when worn by men , scarves like Pachhyauras and majetros and shawls like the Newar Ga and Tibetan khata , Ghumtos the wedding veils and various kinds of turbans scarves worn around the head as a part of a tradition, or to keep off the sun or the cold,  called a Pheta , Pagri or Sirpau.
Until the beginning of the first millennium CE, the ordinary dress of people in South Asia was entirely unstitched. Men continue to wear bhoto through adulthood.
Upper body garment for men is usually a vest such as the bhoto, or a shirt similar to the Kurta , such as Daura, a closed-necked double-breasted long shirt with five pleats and eight strings that serve to tie it around the body.
Suruwal, simply translated as a pair of trousers, is an alternative to and, more recently, replacement for dhoti, kachhad Magars or Lungi Tharus ; it is traditionally much wider above the knees but tapers below, to fit tightly at the ankles, and is tied to the waist with a drawstring.
Modern cholos worn with sarees are usually half-sleeved and single-breasted, and do not cover the midriff. The traditional one called the chaubandi cholo, like the daura, is full-sleeved, double-breasted with pleats and strings, and extends down to the patuka, covering the midriff.
Daura-Suruwal and Gunyu-Cholo were the national dresses for men and women respectively until when they were removed to eliminate favouritism.
For many other groups, men's traditional dresses consist of a shirt or a vest, paired with a dhoti, kachhad or lungi. In the high himalayas, the traditional dresses are largely influenced by Tibetan culture.
Sherpa women wear the chuba with the pangi apron, while Sherpa men wear shirts with stiff high collar and long sleeves called tetung under the chuba.
Tibetan Xamo Gyaise hats of the Sherpas, dhaka topi of pahari men and tamang round caps are among the more distinctive headwears. Married Hindu women wear tika, sindur, pote and red bangles.
Jewellery of gold and silver, and sometimes precious stones, are common. Gold jewellery includes Mangalsutras and tilaharis worn with the pote by the Hindus, Samyafung a huge gold flower worn on the head and Nessey huge flattened gold earrings worn by the Limbus, and Sirphuli, Sirbandhi and Chandra worn by the Magars.
Tharu women can wear as much as six kilograms of silver in jewellery, which includes Mangiya worn on the head, tikuli the forehead, and kanseri and tikahamala around the neck.
In the last 50 years, fashions have changed a great deal in Nepal. Increasingly, in urban settings, the sari is no longer the apparel of everyday wear, transformed instead into one for formal occasions.
The traditional kurta suruwal is rarely worn by younger women, who increasingly favour jeans. The dhoti has largely been reduced to the liturgical vestment of shamans and Hindu priests.
Nepali cuisine consists of a wide variety of regional and traditional cuisines. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate, culture, ethnic groups, and occupations, these cuisines vary substantially from each other, using locally available spices, herbs, vegetables, and fruit.
Each became staples of use. Rice and wheat are mostly cultivated in the terai plains and well-irrigated valleys, and maize, millet, barley and buckwheat in the lesser fertile and drier hills.
The foundation of a typical Nepali meal is a cereal cooked in plain fashion, and complemented with flavourful savoury dishes.
The unleavened flat bread made from wheat flour called chapati occasionally replaces the steamed rice, particularly in the Terai, while Dhindo, prepared by boiling corn, millet or buckwheat flour in water, continuously stirring and adding flour until thick, almost solid consistency is reached, is the main substitute in the hills and mountains.
Tsampa, flour made from roasted barley or naked barley, is the main staple in the high himalayas. Throughout Nepal, fermented, then sun-dried, leafy greens called Gundruk , are both a delicacy and a vital substitute for fresh vegetables in the winter.
A notable feature of Nepali food is the existence of a number of distinctive vegetarian cuisines, each a feature of the geographical and cultural histories of its adherents.
Nepali cuisines possess their own distinctive qualities to distinguish these hybrid cuisines from both their northern and southern neighbours.
Kwanti sprouted beans soup , chhwela ground beef , chatamari , rice flour crepe , bara fried lentil cake , kachila marinated raw minced beef , samaybaji centred around flattened rice , lakhaamari and yomuri are among the more widely recognised.
Various communities in the Terai make sidhara sun-dried small fish mixed with taro leaves and biriya lentil paste mixed with taro leaves to stock for the monsoon floods.
Rice pulau or sweet rice porridge called kheer are usually the main dish in feasts. Almost all janajati communities have their own traditional methods of brewing alcohol.
Raksi traditional distilled alcohol , jaand rice beer , tongba millet beer and chyaang are the most well-known. Nepali indigenous sports, like dandi biyo and kabaddi which were considered the unofficial national sports until recently,  are still popular in rural areas.
Rubber bands , or ranger bands cut from tubes in bike tyres, make a multi-purpose sporting equipment for Nepali children, which may be bunched or chained together, and used to play dodgeball , cat's cradle , jianzi  and a variety of skipping rope games.
Football and cricket are popular professional sports. The only international stadium in the country is the multi-purpose Dasarath Stadium where the men and women national football teams play their home matches.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Nepal disambiguation.
Country in South Asia. Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. Area controlled by Nepal shown in dark green; regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
Main article: History of Nepal. Main article: Kingdom of Nepal. Clockwise from upper left: a Prithvi Narayan Shah b An map of the Indian subcontinent showing Nepal at its zenith c Balbhadra Kunwar , who, at age 25, commanded the defence of Nalapani fort against a superior British force, and after the enemy cutoff the water supply, charged out with 70 men d Jung Bahadur Rana , who established the autocratic Rana regime in and instituted a pro-British foreign policy.
Main articles: Geography of Nepal and Geology of Nepal. Main article: Wildlife of Nepal. See also: Protected areas of Nepal and Community forestry in Nepal.
Main article: Politics of Nepal. Main articles: Government of Nepal and Constitution of Nepal. Main article: Administrative divisions of Nepal.
Province 2. Province 1. Main article: Law enforcement in Nepal. Main article: Foreign relations of Nepal. Main article: Nepalese Army.
Main article: Economy of Nepal. Main article: Tourism in Nepal. Main article: Demographics of Nepal. Main article: Languages of Nepal.
Main article: Religion in Nepal. Main article: Education in Nepal. Main article: Health in Nepal. Main article: Culture of Nepal.
Main article: Architecture of Nepal. Clockwise from top-left: a Nyatapola , a five storied pagoda in Bhaktapur, bejewelled with characteristic stone, metal and wood craftsmanship, has survived at least four major earthquakes.
Main article: Nepalese cuisine. Main article: Sports in Nepal. Nepal portal. Consequently, Nepala translates to protected by Ne.
As this issue has yet to be settled, the forest-type classification is generally preferred to the ecological categorization. Retrieved 29 June Encyclopedia Britannica.
Archived from the original PDF on 8 August Retrieved 16 July — via Nepal Law Commission. Retrieved 17 April The Rising Nepal.
The Himalayan Times. Archived from the original on 13 February Retrieved 13 February Ministry of Foreign Affairs Nepal. The sixth point of the treaty directly questions the degree of independence of Nepal.
The fact that any differences between Nepal and Sikkim will be "referred to the arbitration of the East India Company" sees Nepal as a semi-independent or a vassal state or tributary of the British empire.
Retrieved 9 November Retrieved 15 April World Bank. Archived from the original on 8 June Retrieved 16 April United Nations Development Programme.
Lexico Dictionaries English. Retrieved 23 July Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 5 December New Delhi: Pearson Longman. Archived from the original on 22 March Retrieved 5 May New Delhi: Ashish Publishing House.
History of Nepal: As told by its own and contemporary chroniclers. Indische Alterthumskunde [ Indian Archaeology ].
Paris: Ernest Leroux. Glimpses of Nepal. Maha Devi. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Nepal Kathmandu View Hotel Kathmandu.
Zur Unterkunft. Teilen Facebook Twitter Pinterest. An earlier temple of Sikhism is also present in Kathmandu which is now defunct. Jainism is practiced by a small community.
A Jain temple is present in Gyaneshwar, where Jains practice their faith. They have a national office in Shantinagar, Baneshwor.
Islam is practiced in Kathmandu but Muslims are a minority, accounting for about 4. It is said that in Kathmandu alone there are Christian churches.
Christian missionary hospitals, welfare organizations, and schools are also operating. Nepali citizens who served as soldiers in Indian and British armies, who had converted to Christianity while in service, on return to Nepal continue to practice their religion.
They have contributed to the spread of Christianity and the building of churches in Nepal and in Kathmandu, in particular.
The largest according to number of students and colleges , the oldest and most distinguished university in Nepal the Tribhuvan University , located in Kirtipur.
It is the second oldest university in Nepal, established in November Every year thousands of students from all over Nepal arrive at Kathmandu to get admission in the various schools and colleges.
One of the key concerns of educationists and concerned citizens is the massive outflux of students from Nepal to outside Nepal for studies.
Every year thousands of students apply for No Objection Certificates for studying abroad. Consultancy firms specializing in preparing students to go abroad can be found in all prominent locations.
The reason for such an outflux range from perceived low quality of education, political instability, fewer opportunities in the job market, opportunities for earning while learning abroad and better job prospects with an international degree.
Healthcare in Kathmandu is the most developed in Nepal, and the city and surrounding valley is home to some of the best hospitals and clinics in the country.
Most of the general hospitals are in the city center, although several clinics are elsewhere in Kathmandu district. Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology is an Ophthalmological hospital in Kathmandu.
It pioneered the production of low cost intraocular lenses IOLs , which are used in cataract surgery. Sanduk Ruit in Tilganga pioneered sutureless small-incision cataract surgery SICS ,   a technique which has been used to treat 4 million of the world's 20 million people with cataract blindness.
Institute of Medicine , the central college of Tribhuvan University is the first medical college of Nepal and is in Maharajgunj, Kathmandu.
It was established in and started to impart medical education from The location and terrain of Kathmandu have played a significant role in the development of a stable economy which spans millennia.
The city is in an ancient lake basin, with fertile soil and flat terrain. This geography helped form a society based on agriculture. This, combined with its location between India and China, helped establish Kathmandu as an important trading centre over the centuries.
Kathmandu's trade is an ancient profession that flourished along an offshoot of the Silk Road which linked India and Tibet.
From centuries past, Lhasa Newar merchants of Kathmandu have conducted trade across the Himalaya and contributed to spreading art styles and Buddhism across Central Asia.
Kathmandu is the most important industrial and commercial centre in Nepal. The Nepal Stock Exchange , the head office of the national bank , the chamber of commerce , as well as head offices of national and international banks, telecommunication companies, the electricity authority, and various other national and international organizations are in Kathmandu.
The economic output of the metropolitan area of around Rs. Garments and woolen carpets are the most notable manufactured products. Tourism is considered another important industry in Nepal.
This industry started around , as the country's political makeup changed and ended the country's isolation from the rest of the world.
In , air transportation was established and the Tribhuvan Highway , between Kathmandu and Raxaul at India's border , was started.
Separate organizations were created in Kathmandu to promote this activity; some of these include the Tourism Development Board , the Department of Tourism and the Civil Aviation Department.
Furthermore, Nepal became a member of several international tourist associations. Establishing diplomatic relations with other nations further accentuated this activity.
The hotel industry, travel agencies, training of tourist guides, and targeted publicity campaigns are the chief reasons for the remarkable growth of this industry in Nepal, and in Kathmandu in particular.
It is the country's most important industry. Hindu and Buddhist pilgrims from all over the world visit Kathmandu's religious sites such as Pashupatinath , Swayambhunath , Boudhanath , Changunarayan and Budhanilkantha.
In economic terms, the foreign exchange registered 3. Following the end of the Maoist insurgency , there was a significant rise in the number of tourist arrivals, with , tourists recorded in Since then, tourism has improved as the country transitioned into a republic.
The high level of tourism is attributed to the natural grandeur of the Himalayas and the rich cultural heritage of the country.
The neighbourhood of Thamel is Kathmandu's primary "traveller's ghetto", packed with guest houses, restaurants, shops, and bookstores, catering to tourists.
Another neighbourhood of growing popularity is Jhamel, a name for Jhamsikhel that was coined to rhyme with Thamel. Ason is a bazaar and ceremonial square on the old trade route to Tibet, and provides a fine example of a traditional neighbourhood.
With the opening of the tourist industry after the change in the political scenario of Nepal in , the hotel industry drastically improved. This fairly large network has helped the economic development of the country, particularly in the fields of agriculture, horticulture, vegetable farming, industry and also tourism.
Kathmandu is connected by the Tribhuvan Highway to the south connecting India, Prithvi Highway to the west and Araniko Highway to the north connecting China.
Sajha Yatayat provides regular bus services throughout Kathmandu and the surrounding valley. Other bus companies including micro-bus companies operate several unscheduled routes.
Trolleybusses used to operate on the route between Tripureshwor and Suryabinayak on a kilometer route. The main international airport serving Kathmandu valley is the Tribhuvan International Airport , about 6 kilometres 3.
Ropeways are another important transportation means in hilly terrain. It has since been discontinued due to poor carrying capacity and maintenance issues.
At present, a cable car service is operated in Kathmandu in Chandragiri Hills. Kathmandu is the television hub of Nepal.
Radio Nepal is a state-run organization that operates national and regional radio stations. Few community radio stations such as Radio Pratibodh — Football and cricket are the most popular sports among the younger generation in Nepal and there are several stadiums in the city.
The only international football stadium in the city is the Dasharath Rangasala , a multi-purpose stadium used mostly for football matches and cultural events, in the neighbourhood of Tripureshwor.
It is the largest stadium in Nepal with a capacity of 25, spectators, built in Martyr's Memorial League is also held in this ground every year. The stadium was renovated with Chinese aid before the 8th South Asian Games were held in Kathmandu and floodlights were installed.
Kathmandu is also home of some of the oldest cricket clubs in Nepal, such as Yengal Sports Club. KMC's constant endeavour is to enhance its interaction with SAARC countries, other international agencies and many other major cities of the world to achieve better urban management and developmental programs for Kathmandu.
Kathmandu is twinned with: . Kathmandu valley as seen from the Shivapuri hills. Basantapur Durbar Square. Goddess Kumari in a chariot procession.
Tribhuvan International Airport. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Catmandu. This article is about Kathmandu Metropolitan City.
For other uses, see Kathmandu disambiguation. Capital of Nepal. Capital in Bagmati Pradesh, Nepal. Main articles: History of Kathmandu and Timeline of Kathmandu.
Places adjacent to Kathmandu. Kathmandu Metropolitan City. Main article: Architecture of Kathmandu.
This box: view talk edit. Main article: Pashupatinath Temple. Main article: Boudhanath. Main article: Swayambhunath. Main article: Ranipokhari.
Main article: Culture of Kathmandu. See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Nepal. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Frage Pflicht. Deine Nachricht. Ich nehme zur Kenntnis, dass die abgesendeten Daten zum Zweck der Bearbeitung meines Anliegens verarbeitet werden dürfen.
Die Einflüsse reichten aus dem Nachbarland Indien hierher. Heute machen solche alten Viertel nicht einmal ein Fünftel der gesamten Fläche Kathmandus aus.
Da die Wirtschaft sich in den letzten Jahren gut entwickelt hat, wurde immer höher und aufwendiger gebaut. Die meisten der neuen Gebäude haben bei dem Beben nicht viel abbekommen.
Die Buddhacharyas wollen Swayambhu auf keinen Fall verlassen.